The top 20 most odd sharks in the world.

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odd sharks (Image Credit: Getty Images)

This article is about the odd sharks on the globe. Does the term “shark” make you conjure up a vision of an animatronic Jaws, rolling its dead eyes and gnashing its awful teeth? As iconic as the great white shark photo, sharks are far more nuanced animals. The shark world is replete with big-eyed beauties, teeny-tiny cuties, and a couple of species that may haunt your nightmares (you’ll be glad to find that the one with rotary-saw teeth became extinct long ago). Really, they’re a gang of loving weirdos. Here are the weirdest sharks to swim in the waters.

Top 20 most odd sharks.

20. Megamouth Shark

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Megamouth Shark (Image Credit: Getty Images)

As one of only three sharks that feed only on plankton, megamouths are filter feeders. Even though they have jaws the size of a bathtub and can swallow an entire human being, these creatures are calm and uncommon. Their lower jaw protrudes, and their lips take in everything while their gills work as a filter to discharge the water ingested. Caught and released off the California coast, a megamouth had reached its largest available size of 7.62 meters (22 feet).

19. Basking Shark

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basking shark (Image Credit: Getty Images)

The enormous basking shark, the ocean’s second-largest animal, may grow to a length of more than ten meters. It has a massive mouth with a maximum width of almost one meter. Despite its intimidating look, the basking shark is a filter-feeding shark that mostly consumes plankton.

It swims with its mouth open and catches anything that passes through it. A fish’s gill rakers separate the water and plankton as it flows through the organ. As a result, the Shark seals its mouth and expels water through its gills. Each year it loses and regrows its gill rakers.

The basking shark is a migratory fish. They may be seen moving across the Mediterranean Sea, the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Sea of Japan, near New Zealand, and Southern Australia, and usually moving in approximately 100. Its name originates from its habit of swimming extremely near the surface with its dorsal fin out of the water – to “bask” implies to lounge in the sun.

Related: Shark eyes| What do you think about shark sightings?

18. Wobbegong

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Wobbegong (Image Credit: Getty Images)

The name “wobbegong” is thought to stem from an Australian Aboriginal language, meaning “shaggy beard.” Barbels on the nose and skin flaps that resemble small fins around the lips and eyes and on the side of the head are all examples of this. It is typically found in shallow seas surrounding Australia and Indonesia, generally in bays, caves, rocky bottoms, and reefs.

As a bottom-dwelling shark, the wobbegong dwells at the ocean’s bottom most of the time. Its green-brownish skin is coated in a distinctive pattern of strong patterns that allows it to hide nicely in the sand.

The wobbegong hunts exclusively at night since it has a weak vision. Even while it hunts, it travels in a leisurely way, dragging its flat body down the bottom, like a carpet.

Related: Thresher Shark

17. Nurse Shark

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nurse shark (Image Credit: Getty Images)

Affectionately described as the “couch potato of the shark world,” the nurse shark has a lazy existence, exactly like the wobbegong. It is non-migratory and adjusts to cooler water temperatures by reducing its activity level.

Regularly, you may see it resting in huge groups in warm shallow waters of the western Atlantic and eastern Pacific seas (with groups of two to 40 sharks piling up on top of each other). At night, it is alone in its pursuit of prey. Known for its distinctive slurping sound, the nurse shark feeds on plankton at the bottom of the ocean.

In addition to crushing and consuming shellfish and coral with its powerful teeth, this predator loves to devour fish, shrimp, and squid as its main course. As new rows of teeth emerge from the rear and push the older ones forward, they eventually fall out.

16. Horn Shark

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Horn Shark (Image Credit: Getty Images)

The horn shark derives its name from its small blunt skull and the high ridges over its eyes. It is notable for its lovely spiral-shaped egg casings.

Its scientific name “heterodontus” means “various teeth,” alluding to its mix of teeth – some are sharp, and others are specifically designed for crushing crustaceans like crabs, shrimps, and their preferred prey, sea urchins. Some horn sharks even have purple-stained teeth from consuming too many sea urchins!

Slow swimmers, horn sharks have been seen crawling around seabeds using their fins. In contrast to other shark species, the horn shark is a creature of habit, returning year after year to the same site where it was captured, tagged, and released 11 years previously. A horn shark has been reported to go as far as 16 kilometers in one trip. It may be found off the coast of Southern California and Mexico.

15. Angel Shark

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Angel Shark (Image Credit: Getty Images)

This Shark is one of a kind. It has a flat body with exceptionally long pelvic and pectoral fins and is commonly mistaken for rays. But unlike rays, this bottom-dwelling Shark utilizes its large fins to travel about. On the underside of its body, it possesses five pairs of gills.

It is carnivorous and generally consumes fish, squid, krill, lobsters, and mollusks. It can grow to two-and-a-half meters and weigh approximately 35 kilos. A nocturnal animal spends the daytime submerged under the ocean’s surface.

There are 23 species of angel shark, and they are found all over the globe. The flattened tip of this animal’s nose ends in a mouthful of razor-sharp teeth. To protect themselves from predators, juvenile angel sharks wear ocellus, or artificial eyes, on their bodies. Adults no longer exist in this form. Angel sharks are ambush predators that lay motionless camouflaged in the sand while it waits for food to come. It pounces on its victim in less than a tenth of a second as it approaches.

14. Saw Shark

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Saw Shark (Image Credit: Getty Images)

The saw shark is an unusual-looking fish with a long, saw-like snout. It has strong teeth extending from the margins of its snout, which are utilized to compete with other sharks and attack its food. The saw shark also possesses a pair of barbels in the center of its snout, allowing it to navigate and discover vibrations of moving prey.

Its food comprises numerous species of fish, crabs, and squid. The saw shark is oviparous. Its eggs hatch within the female’s body. Young saw sharks are born with folded teeth to not injure their mother during the delivery.

Japan, Australia, and South Africa are home to eight distinct varieties. Saw sharks may be solitary or reside in a “school.”

13. Goblin Shark

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Goblin Shark (Image Credit: Getty Images)

The goblin shark resembles a primordial sea creature due to its eerie appearance and ghostly coloring. It is infrequently observed and is the sole extant species of a family of extinct sharks. As such, the goblin shark is frequently referred to as a “living fossil.”

It possesses a long, bladelike nose loaded with sensors that pick up its prey’s motions. The goblin shark uses its nose like a metal detector to discover food, sweeping back and forth across the seafloor. The goblin shark dwells in very deep water, and it is supposed to be a poor swimmer with exceedingly weak vision. Instead of chasing for prey, it waits for prey to come near it.

It has evolved a distinctive “slingshot” manner of eating due to its projecting jaws. Its jaws are coupled to elastic tissues, and when food gets within striking distance, the jaw juts out, enabling the Shark to propel its whole mouth forward at an incredible speed of three meters per second!

12. Frilled Shark

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Frilled Shark (Image Credit: Getty Images)

The Frilled Shark is an enthralling (but dangerous) specimen in the sea. It appears like an aquatic snake with a long, silky body that coils and bends precisely like the legless reptile. It has deep-set eyes and, in contrast to other sharks, its mouth is located at the end of its snout rather than below it, giving it a snakelike appearance. The frilled Shark derives its name from the six-gill slits on each side of its body that create a frill-like collar at the front of its neck.

While smaller than some of the other sharks on this list, an adult frilled shark may grow to a length of up to two meters. About 300 teeth are arranged in 25 rows along the Shark’s snout. The teeth are fork-shaped and face backward, making it almost hard for its victim to escape.

The Frilled Shark is a deep-water species that is seldom seen. Frilled sharks caught and transported outside of their native habitats seldom survive.

11. Great Hammerhead Shark

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Great hammerhead shark (Image Credit: Getty Images)

The Great Hammerhead Shark is an apex predator. It is the biggest of nine species of hammerhead sharks and can be readily recognizable by its characteristic hammer or shovel-shaped heads (cephalofoils) (cephalofoils). Because of the two extensions, the great hammerhead shark has a complete 360-degree vision. The Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans are all home to this species, which spends the majority of the year migrating to cooler areas.

Adult great hammerhead sharks typically feed at night and feast on stingrays, crustaceans, fish, and other sharks. Its favorite food is rays, which it smothers with its head before slithering away. It then consumes the ray whole after biting off its fins to stop it from moving. Some great hammerhead sharks have been discovered with stingrays and catfish barbs hanging out of their jaws, indicating they are resistant to stingrays and catfish poison.

10. Great White Shark

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Great White Shark

Best recognized for its part in the film Jaws, the great white Shark is one additional apex predator with outstanding speed and highly developed sensitivity. It is typically found along the shores of Australia, South Africa, California, and the northeastern United States. It may grow to a length of six meters and a weight of over 2,000 kilograms, making it the biggest predatory fish in the world.

One drop of blood in a hundred liters of water may be detected by this ferocious Shark, also known as the great white, and it can detect blood up to a distance of five kilometers. Not unexpectedly, it is a carnivore, and its diet comprises whales, sea lions, seals, and other deceased creatures. It frequently takes its target by surprise, situating itself beneath its unsuspecting victim before exploding out of the water. Although the great white is commonly characterized as a man-eater, it is responsible for just five to 10 human assaults each year.

9. Ghost sharks

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Ghost sharks (Image Credit: Copyright 2007 MBAR)

Almost a mile (1,640 m) below the surface of the ocean, the pointy-nosed blue ratfish, or Hydrlagus trolli, glides silently in the darkness. These sharks have been given the moniker “ghost sharks in honor of their elusiveness.”

Ghost sharks were not appropriately identified until 2002, when researchers classed and named the species based on several dozen bodies accidentally hauled by fishing trawlers. Researchers at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) in California recorded a series of films off the Central California coast from 2000 to 2007. They featured a variety of live aquatic organisms.

The spiky, club-like organ on the top of the males’ heads completes this species’ peculiarity. MBARI’s senior research technician, Lonny Lundsten, said this organ guides the female through the whole copulatory procedure.

 8. Cyclops dusky shark

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Cyclops dusky shark (Image credit: Pisces Fleet Sportfishing)

In 2011, a skilled fisherman recovered a dusky shark (Carcharhinus obscurus) from the Gulf of California. The shark was pregnant, but when the fishermen investigated her, they found that one of her kids was extraordinarily unusual: It was an albino, and it also had only one eye – smack dab in the middle of its snout, like a cyclops.

A functional optical tissue was found in the eye of the shark fetus. However, the shark would have died if it had been viewed outside the womb. Various species, including humans, suffer from cyclopia, a developmental condition. It is often associated with multiple other defects and is frequently lethal soon after birth.

7. Genie’s dogfish sharks

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Genie’s dogfish sharks (Image credit: MarAlliance)

Genie’s dogfish sharks have some serious peepers on the subject of eyes. The Gulf of Mexico and the western Atlantic include marine populations of these sharks (Squalus Clarke). Due to their small size (ranging from 20 to 28 inches or 50 to 70 cm) and distinct baby blues, resemble cartoonish figures from animated media.

The shark species were identified and formally described in 2018.

6. Swell sharks

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Swell sharks (Image Credit: Getty Images)

There are times when sharks must flee from danger. Inflate sharks, which spend their days hiding in rocky crevices, have devised a clever way to beat would-be predators: They suck in a tremendous amount of seawater to swell to twice their ordinary size.

Swell sharks may be found worldwide, from the Californian coast to the waters near the Philippines, thanks to the ocean currents. If predators hunt at night, their swelling approach may scare them away. Sharks may grow to such a size that they can no longer be dragged from their rocky hiding places by predators during the day.

5. Velvet belly lantern sharks

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Velvet belly lanternsharks

Velvet belly lantern sharks (Etmopterus spinach), which are dogfish sharks found deep in the Atlantic and Mediterranean, have come up with another way to evade being eaten: They post a large, light sign on themselves saying, “Danger, spikes on shark are pointier than they may look.”

Larger fish may take advantage of their tiny stature, making them easy prey for additional enormous sharks. Their glowing spines serve to warn would-be predators that they are a mouthful to devour.

4. Phoebodus sharks

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Reconstruction of the likely appearance of the extinct shark Phoebodus saidselachus.
(Image from Frey et al.)

Phoebodus sharks were an odd bunch. They roamed the oceans roughly 350 million years ago and grew to 4 feet (1.2 m) long. The oldest shark scales ever uncovered date back to 450 million years ago. Phoebodus sharks were first on the evolutionary scene about 410 million years ago, as shown by the discovery of the first shark. They featured three-cusped teeth, eel-like bodies, and long snouts and may have looked a bit like contemporary frilled sharks.

A nearly-complete fossil found in Morocco has revealed a great deal about the biology of these sharks. Their prey may have been taken from the water by a fast, fatal bite from them.

3.  Ninja lanternsharks

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Ninja lanternsharks (Image credit: Vásquez V.E. et al. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation. 2015.)

Credit for these stealthy sharks’ famous name goes to a couple of 8-year-olds, cousins of the scientist who discovered the species. It was coined by Vicky Vázquez because her young relatives said that the shark’s sleek black skin and sensitive bioluminescence were used to blend in, according to Hakai Magazine. They were reminded of a “super ninja” by the sunlight dripping from the ocean’s surface.

Etmopterus Benchley, named for Peter Benchley, the author of “Jaws,” is the scientific name for these stylish sharks (Doubleday: 1974). (Doubleday: 1974).

The ninja lanternsharks is a tiny fish, attaining a maximum length of roughly 0.5 meters. They dwell off the coast of Central America.

2. Eagle sharks

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Eagle sharks (Image credit: Oscar Sanisidro)

Sharks used to be a much more mystifying animal until recently. Ninety-three million years ago, eagle sharks (Aquilolamna millrace) soared over the sea on fins like wings in Mexico. And what wings they were: The sharks’ fins extended 6 feet 2 inches (1.9 m) wide, making the animals broader than they were long, given they were 5 feet 5 inches (1.65 m) in length.

Though these sharks’ teeth did not survive fossilization, their discoverers presume they were filter feeders like present whale sharks.

1. Helicoprion sharks

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Helicoprion sharks (Image Credit: Getty Images)

It took scientists more than a century to figure out what the heck was going on with Helicoprion because of the creatures’ peculiar buzzsaw-jaws. According to researchers, spiral snail shell-like jaws, found in the Ural Mountains in the late 1800s, belonged to a long-extinct shark species that lived some 270 million years ago. According to Wired, a geologist recognized the whorl as teeth in 1899, and the creatures who wore it were given the name Helicoprion. But no one could figure out how a shark could fit such a bizarre saw of teeth into its mouth. Did the saw possibly work in the shark’s throat? Was it related to some form of extended mouth tentacle that shot out when the animal was attacking?

It wasn’t until 2014 that a specimen found in Idaho with entire upper jaw components allowed scientists to connect. According to National Geographic, it turns out that the whorl of teeth fit within the sharks’ lower jaw. The buzzsaw arrangement was not interfered with by the sharks’ front teeth, which grew to a length of 25 feet (7.6 meters).

The study that nailed down the sharks’ saw-tooth structure also revealed that Helicoprion was likely not strictly sharks, but close sharks, relatives dubbed ratfish. But with teeth like that, we’re going to let them slide into this list nonetheless.

Related: Do Sharks Eat Dolphins?

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